The “Intifadas” were a series of Palestinian revolts against Israel in the late 20th century.
The First Intifada was a Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule in 1987. The Palestinians protested Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The clashes between Palestinians and Israelis continued until the Oslo Accords in 1993, which created a Palestinian Authority and called for the removal of Israeli troops from the Gaza Strip and West Bank.
The Second Intifada:
“After the Oslo agreement, Yasser Arafat returned to Palestinian territory, the Palestinian Authority was established and Israeli withdrawals began. However, the agreement was denounced by hardline Israelis and Palestinians as a sell-out and it did not take hold.
Opposition to the agreement was led on the Palestinian side by the Islamic militant group Hamas and the deadly phenonenom of the suicide bomber emerged, in which dozens of Israeli civilians were killed. Israeli counter-strikes killed many Palestinians.
President Bill Clinton got Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak together at Camp David in 2000 but the final-status issues of Jerusalem and the future of Palestinian refugees broke the talks.
By 2000, a second intifada was being openly fought and Israel re-occupied the West Bank.” ( Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7381378.stm)